| Mewar is a region of south-central Rajasthan state in western India. It includes the
present-day districts of Bhilwara, Chittorgarh, Rajsamand and Udaipur. The
region was for centuries a Rajput kingdom that later became
a princely state under the British. It was ruled by the Guhilot and Sisodia dynasties
for over 1200 years.
The northern part of Mewar is a gently sloping plain, drained by the Banas
River and its tributaries, which empty northwest into the Chambal
River, a tributary of the Yamuna River. The southern
part of the region is hilly, and marks the divide between the Banas and its
tributaries and the headwaters of the Sabarmati and Mahi rivers and their tributaries, which drain south into the Gulf
of Cambay through Gujarat state. The Aravalli Range forms the
northwestern boundary of the region, composed mostly of sedimentary rocks, like marble and Kota
stone, which has traditionally been an important construction material.
|The Marwar region
lies across the Aravalli Range to the northwest, Gujarat and the Vagad region of Rajasthan lie to the south,
the Malwa region of Madhya Pradesh state lies
to the southeast, and the Hadoti region of Rajasthan lies
to the east.